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Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong$
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Yue Chim Richard Wong

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9789888390625

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.001.0001

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Upward Mobility in the United States and Hong Kong

Upward Mobility in the United States and Hong Kong

(p.129) 16 Upward Mobility in the United States and Hong Kong
Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Yue Chim Richard Wong

Hong Kong University Press

It is reasonable to surmise that the dramatic improvement in upward mobility for lower-income families between 1986 and 1996 was a temporary phenomenon – a con-sequence of less competition for school places and, especially, university places. This period is now behind us. The significance of such an unusual period of opportunity is that we have to reinterpret the earlier finding by Professor Chou Kee-lee. A more plausible interpretation of upward mobility in Hong Kong is that it improved dramatically for the cohort born in 1946-56 and remained stable afterwards. The cohort that was born in 1961-71 lucked out as upward mobility received a huge boost due to middle class emigration in the lead up to 1997. Since then upward mobility in Hong Kong has returned to the same stable level.

Keywords:   Intergenerational mobility, Upward mobility, Education, Income

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