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A Chinese Melting PotOriginal People and Immigrants in Hong Kong's First 'New Town'$
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Elizabeth Lominska Johnson and Graham E. Johnson

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9789888455898

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888455898.001.0001

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(p.1) 1 Getting Started
A Chinese Melting Pot

Elizabeth Lominska Johnson

Graham E. Johnson

Hong Kong University Press

In the first decades of the twentieth century, Tsuen Wan began its transformation from an impoverished district of Hakka farming and fishing villages to one in which wage labour became available in infrastructure construction and small industry. After the Japanese occupation the area industrialized rapidly, attracting large numbers of immigrants from China. They adapted by forming associations, while the original people rented land and housing to the newcomers. The government initially was overwhelmed, but eventually began planning a ‘new town’, with the original inhabitants remaining in their villages, their rights protected in today’s post-industrial city.

Keywords:   Hakka, immigration, industrialization, newcomers, associations, new town

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