What Social Conditions Are Needed for a Society to Develop Civility?
This chapter discusses various factors germane to the development of civility. It deals first with differences between Taiwan and China relevant to Taiwan's having become a civil society and China's greater difficulties in doing so: differences in area, population, population composition, and integration; Taiwan's economic development beginning thirty years earlier and also being uninterrupted by internal factors; Taiwan's greater income and wealth equality; differences in social unity and in governance, especially elections in Taiwan and the KMT government's non-interference with the existing social organization; and the differential levels of trust in the two societies. It next assesses, in light of the information in previous chapters, the set of conditions listed in Chapter Two as likely either to facilitate or hinder civil development. It finishes by examining the links between civility and post-industrial values, becoming a 'society for itself,' and democracy.
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