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Comfort Women ActivismCritical Voices from the Perpetrator State$
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Eika Tai

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9789888528455

Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.5790/hongkong/9789888528455.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM HONG KONG SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.hongkong.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Hong Kong University Press, 2022. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in HKSO for personal use.date: 28 May 2022

History of the Comfort Women Movement

History of the Comfort Women Movement

Chapter:
(p.13) 2 History of the Comfort Women Movement
Source:
(p.iii) Comfort Women Activism
Author(s):

Eika Tai

Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:10.5790/hongkong/9789888528455.003.0002

I trace the history of the comfort women movement, describing what activists in Japan have done collectively for the movement’s major objectives, the Japanese government’s sincere apology and legal compensations. In doing so, I provide sociopolitical contexts for understanding the activist narratives, which are about what they have thought and felt personally. The activists have modified strategies according to the shifting positions of the government and the international community and the changing public attitude in Japanese society toward the issue. I discuss seven topics chronologically ordered with some overlaps in their historical periods: the rise of the movement; the spread of the movement; the Asian Women’s Fund; the Women’s International War Crimes Tribunal on Japan’s Military Sexual Slavery; lawsuits; legislative resolution; and fighting in isolated Japan.

Keywords:   movement, Asian Women’s Fund, Women’s Tribunal, lawsuits, legislative resolution, Japan–South Korea Agreement

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