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Mastery of Words and Swords – Negotiating Intellectual Masculinities in Modern China, 1890s-1930s - Hong Kong Scholarship Online
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Mastery of Words and Swords: Negotiating Intellectual Masculinities in Modern China, 1890s-1930s

Jun Lei


The crisis of masculinity surfaced and converged with the crisis of the nation in the late Qing, after the doors of China were forced open by Opium Wars. The power of physical aggression increasingly overshadowed literary attainments and became new imperative of male honor in the late Qing and early Republican China. Afflicted with anxiety and indignation about their increasingly effeminate image as perceived by Western colonial powers, Chinese intellectuals strategically distanced themselves from the old literati and reassessed their positions vis-à-vis violence. In Mastery of Words and Sword ... More

Keywords: Chinese intellectuals, Masculinity, effeminacy, male violence, gender, modern women, scientific discourse, Western influence, modern Chinese literature, visual media, Lu Xun

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2022 Print ISBN-13: 9789888528745
Published to Hong Kong Scholarship Online: May 2022 DOI:10.5790/hongkong/9789888528745.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Jun Lei, author
Texas A&M University